A smart card is typically a pocket sized card which has a small chip attached which contains an integrated circuit.
There are two categories of smart cards:
Memory Smart Cards which contain non volatile memory and Microprocessor Smart Cards which contain volatile memory together with microprocessor components.
Smart Cards are typically made of plastic and may be used to provide strong security authentication for single sign on systems within large organisations.
Smart cards are capable of providing identification, authentication, data storage and application processing.
The benefits of smart cards are directly related to the volume of information and applications that are programmed for use on a card.
Single contact or contactless smart cards can be programmed with banking information, medical information, driving license details or public transport entitlement, loyalty programs and club memberships to name just a few of the may application of this AIDC technology.